The purpose of this code of practice is to useful guidance on legal, administrative, technical and educational aspects of safety and health in construction, in order to:

  • Prevent accidents and preserve diseases and adverse health effects resulting from its work among construction workers;
  • Ensure appropriate design and implementation of construction works;
  • Propose criteria and guidelines for the analysis – from the point of view of safety, health and working conditions – the processes, activities, techniques and typical construction operations, and to take appropriate action planning, monitoring and implementation of the relevant provisions.

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This Code of Practice also contains guidelines for compliance with the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health in Construction Convention, 1988 (No. 167), and for the implementation of the Occupational Safety and Health in Construction Convention, 1988 (No. 175).

General Obligations

General obligations of the competent authorities

The competent authority on risk assessment for health and safety and in consultation with the most representative organizations of Employers and workers should adopt and maintain in force laws or national regulations to ensure the safety and health of workers used in construction and to protect people who are in a work or in the vicinity of all the risks that may result from the work.

National laws and regulations adopted in accordance with paragraph 2.1.1 should provide practical application by rules techniques or codes of practice or other appropriate methods conform to national conditions and practice.

In giving effect to paragraphs 2.1.1 and 2.1.2, the competent authorities should have due regard to the relevant standards adopted by international organizations in the field of standardization.

The competent authorities should provide inspection services appropriate to ensure compliance and the practical application of the provisions laws and regulations and provide these services means to perform their duties, or ensure that appropriate inspections are performed.

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National laws or regulations or the competent authority should prescribe the measures to be taken to institute a systematic collaboration between employers and workers in order to promote safety and health in the works. Such measures should include:

  • The establishment of committees of safety and health representative of employers and workers, with the powers and duties as may be prescribed;
  • The election or appointment of safety representatives of workers, with the powers and duties as may be prescribed;
  • Designation by the employer of persons with appropriate measures to promote safety and health at work qualifications and experience;
  • The training of safety representatives and committee members safety and health at work.

National laws and regulations should stipulate that the customer must notified in accordance with a schedule established, the competent authority works size, duration or prescribed characteristics.

National laws and regulations should stipulate the obligations Terms of clients, architects, engineers and designers to take into Safety and Health in Construction 6 features all aspects of health and safety when designing buildings, structures or other works.

General duties of employers

Employers should provide means and organization, create an appropriate program of safety and health protection of workers is in accordance with national laws and regulations, and comply with the measures prescribed in the workplace safety and health.

Employers should organize and provide work and ensure maintaining workplaces, facilities, equipment, tools and machinery so that workers are protected from any risk of accident or injury to health that is reasonably practicable to avoid. In particular, the construction and building should be planned, prepared and undertaken as appropriate to:

  • As soon as possible to prevent the dangers that may arise in the workplace;
  • Avoid excessive work positions and movements or unnecessarily strenuous;
  • Organization of work in view of the safety and health of workers;
  • Using appropriate materials or from the point of view of safety and health products;
  • Working methods are employed to protect workers from the effects harmful chemical, physical and biological agents.

Employers should consist of representatives of workers and management or take other appropriate measures that are in conformity with the laws and regulations for workers to participate in establishing safe working conditions committees.

Employers should take all appropriate measures to protect persons who are in a work or in the vicinity of all the potential risks of this precaution.

Employers should take the necessary measures to ensure that competent persons made ​​regularly at appropriate intervals, safety inspections of all buildings, facilities, equipment, tools, machinery, workplaces and systems and methods of work, under the supervision of the employer, in accordance with national laws and regulations, standards or codes of practice. The competent person should examine and verify, by type or individually, as appropriate, the safety of machinery, equipment and materials used in construction.

By acquiring facilities, equipment or machinery, employers should ensure that these comply with the principles of ergonomics in terms of its design and in accordance with national laws and regulations, standards techniques or relevant codes of practice, and, if there were no such provisions that are designed or protected so that their use is safe and poses no risk to health.

Employers should ensure that the necessary monitoring workers perform their work in the best conditions of safety and health.

Employers should only assign workers to jobs appropriate to their age, physical fitness, health and abilities.

Employers should ensure that all workers are well informed of the risks associated with their work and working environment and are trained on the precautions to be taken to avoid accidents or illnesses.

Employers should take all necessary measures to ensure that workers know the laws and national or local regulations, standards, codes of practice, instructions and advice and warnings related to the prevention of accidents and health hazards.

The buildings, facilities, equipment, tools, machinery or workplaces in which it was discovered a dangerous defect should not be used until the defect has been corrected.

When an imminent risk to the safety of workers arises, the employer should take immediate steps to stop the operation and, if necessary, to evacuate workers.

On dispersed in various places and where small groups of workers working in isolation, employers should establish a verification system to ensure that all workers in one shift, including operators of mobile equipment, have returned to the camp or base of operations after work.

Employers should provide workers first ancillary services and training and adequate welfare and when collective action can not be adopted or these are not enough, should also provide equipment and personal protective clothing. Employers should also ensure workers access to health services at work.

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